As a tool for the community, the Happiness and Wellbeing Community Lab aims to be accessible to all. With each data analysis update, we will add any new terms to this definitions list.

If you find a term on this site that isn’t clear or that you’d like defined, please complete this suggestion form: Link to Form

Both the social services sector and the fields of data, research, and analysis are known for their overuse of acronyms. This list attempts to capture any acronyms found on this site. If you see an unidentified acronym, please complete this suggestion form: Link to Form.

CMA – Census Metropolitan Area. Learn more under the “Local” tab.

CRD – Capital Regional District. Learn more under the “Local” tab.

FVE – Future Value Expectation. This is a projection of the future growth of a piece of data based on the rolling average and using compound interest rates.

NOC – The National Occupational Classification (NOC) is Canada’s national system for describing occupations. Learn more at Employment & Social Development Canada

“Intersectional” means looking how each part of an individual’s identity – including factors such as gender (including gender identity and expression), race, ethnicity, disability, income, age, and other combine. In intersectional analysis, how these factors intersect are considered, not merely each factor on its own.

Intersectionality was first used by Kimberlé Crenshaw in 1989 to describe the overlapping discriminations faced by black women.

Image from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research:

The definition of the local region varies depending on the data source.

  • Capital Regional District (CRD) includes both municipalities and rural areas from Port Renfrew to Galiano Island, is defined by the provincial government, and is the definition generally used by the CRD itself and the provincial government.
  • Victoria CMA (census metropolitan area) is the designation used by the federal government for the census and for federally funded or managed programs and projects and includes the municipalities from Sooke to Sidney. It differs from the CRD in that it doesn’t include rural areas or the southern Gulf Islands.
  • Southern Vancouver Island is a non-legislative term used to loosely refer to the area of Vancouver Island south of the Malahat.
  • Greater Victoria is another non-legislative term and generally refers to the 13 municipalities of the region:
    • Central Saanich
    • Colwood
    • Esquimalt
    • Highlands
    • Langford
    • Metchosin
    • North Saanich
    • Oak Bay
    • Saanich
    • Sidney
    • Sooke
    • Victoria
    • View Royal

The Happiness and Wellbeing Community Lab includes all of the above areas, though the main sources of data are from Statistics Canada and thus focus on the CMA.

Map of administrative boundaries in the Capital Regional District

Administrative boundaries of the Capital Regional District & 13 Municipalities

This region is the traditional, unceded territories of the Coast Salish peoples including the Lək̓ʷəŋən peoples, the Songhees and Xwsepsum/Kosapsum [Esquimalt] Nations in the Victoria core, the WSÁNEĆ (SȾÁUTW/Tsawout, W̱JOȽEȽP/Tsartlip, BOḰEĆEN/Pauquachin, WSIḴEM/Tseycum) out on the Saanich Peninsula, and to the west the Beecher Bay, Sc’ianew (Chenuh), T’Sou-ke, Pacheedaht, and MÁLEXEŁ/ Malahat, and Gulf Islands Penelekut Nation. May we build strong working relationships with all local nations with trust, humility, kindness, and respect where we live, work, and learn.

We also respect the wide diversity of nations and languages across the province. British Columbia is home to more than 200 First Nations communities and approximately 50% of the First Peoples’ languages of Canada. For more information visit:

First Nations on Southern Vancouver Island

Qualitative Research brings a human perspective to the collection of data and evidence. Qualitative (think “quality” for the value of each data point) evidence-gathering methods include

  • Observations: recording what is seen, heard, smelled and felt in the field.
  • Interviews: asking questions in one-on-one conversations.
  • Focus groups: generating discussion with guided conversation among a group of people.
  • Surveys: widely distributing questionnaires with open-ended questions.
  • Secondary research: collecting existing data in the form of texts, images, audio or video recordings, etc.

At the Happiness and Wellbeing Community Lab, qualitative research is often used to amplify the voices, experience, and knowledge ofpeople with lived-experience in the area of research.

Quantitative Research uses numerical data (think “quantity”) to identify trends, patterns, averages, medians, and other statistical measurements of economic, demographic, climate, and environmental factors.

Quantiative analysis begins with data collection and preparation. It is then calcaulated into statistics, and the statistics are analyzed by skilled researchers to see what they reveal.

At the Happiness and Wellbeing Community Lab, the majority of our data is quantitative, supplemented with qualitative data from community members.

Some data representation options include